Mexico City is the country’s largest urban hub and also the main political, academic, economic, fashion, financial, business and cultural center. Ranked as a global city, it is one of the most important financial and cultural centers of America and the world. Its growth is one of the fastest globally, and its economy is expected to triple by 2020.
The city was originally built on an island of Lake Texcoco by the Aztecs in 1325 with the name of Mexico Tenochtitlan. This city became the capital of the Aztec Empire. It is located in the middle of a valley at an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,350 ft) above sea level, with the Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl volcanoes as a backdrop, and for its immense lagoons it was named by the Aztecs as the Valley of Anahuac.
Cradle of majestic temples and palaces that stand in the center of the metropolis as a living testimony of the existence of a culture with deep historical roots, the Aztec capital offers many attractions, mix of history, where visitors can see many vestiges of the Aztecs as Tlatilco or Cuicuilco, and modernism as the Paseo de la Reforma, the largest artery that crosses the city from east to west.
Tourism in Mexico City is an important economic activity for the capital, placed first nationally in terms of arrivals of domestic and foreign tourists with 13,124,000 visitors, recorded only in the hotel sector in 2015, and is the first tourist destination for foreign visitors within Latin America with 3.5 million arrivals a year that leaves an economic impact of $ 600 per visitor.
For anyone visiting Mexico City for the first time, the main tourist attractions are concentrated in the historic center: the Plaza de la Constitution (popularly known as El Zocalo), the magnificent Metropolitan Cathedral, the National Palace and the archaeological site of Templo Mayor; plus a lot of museums housed in colonial mansions. Just a few blocks away is the Plaza Garibaldi, where visitors can experience real Mexico life surrounded by aromas of tequila and mariachi music. About 20 minutes westbound, there is the Republic Square, which houses the Monument to the Revolution, with an underground museum.